A prescription drug Zoloft is taken to relieve such mental problems as depression, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (also called OCD), posttraumatic stress disorder (also called PTSD) in adults. Moreover OCD is successfully treated by Zoloft in children (ages 6-12) and adolescents (ages 12-17). The Food and Drug Administration certified it in December 1991.
Tablets of Zoloft are taken orally once a day (with or without food) regularly for several weeks. It should be taken as directed or prescribed by doctor. Important thing is to keep taking Zoloft even if patient feels well. The only way to stop taking it or decreasing a dose is doctor’s prescription, especially for those who have used it in big doses for a long period of time. The full effect appears only after a few weeks taking.
Sertraline is the same kind of medicine as Prozac (fluoxetine), Paxil (paroxetine), Celexa (citalopram) and Luvox (fluvoxamine). All of them belong to a selective reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) class. Nerves use serotonin, which is a neurotransmitter and produced by nerve cells, to contact with each other. Serotonin is released into a space surrounding nerve. Moving across the space serotonin can fix to receptors on the nearby nerves surface or its own nerves surface (nerves which produced it). After that it is taken up and nerve releases it again (re-uptake). A balance is connected with attachment to the nearby nerves and reuptake. The serotonin reuptake is blocked by SSRI, that’s the reason why the level of serotonin in brain changes. Some diseases (for ex: depression) are considered to be caused by disturbances in serotonin and neurotransmitters balance. The idea of restoring the chemical balance among neurotransmitters by Sertraline is leading nowadays.
For those who take Zoloft in the morning it is possible to take the missed dose as soon as the person remembers. In spite of this, person should skip the missed dose if time for the next dose comes and keep taking according regular schedule. The same rule works for person who takes Zoloft at bed time and doesn’t remember to take the pill until next morning. Never take a double-dose, even if you missed one.
Tablets should be stored at 25 degrees C (77 degrees F); excursions permitted to 15 degrees F- 30 degrees C (59 degrees C - 86 degrees F).
Zoloft Safety information
Person should let the doctor know beforehand about liver disease; suffer from seizures, mania or suicidal thoughts. Probably he can’t take Zoloft or needs special monitoring during treatment or additional checkup. Zoloft is unknown to be harmful or not for the embryo, that’s why it’s in FDA pregnancy category C. So women who are pregnant or intend to have a baby in close time should talk to their doctor before taking Zoloft. What is more, there is no information if Zoloft gets into breast milk, so nursing mothers should consult with their doctors about.
Zoloft Side effects
Here is the list of possible side effects.
- An allergic reaction (difficulty breathing; closing of the throat; swelling of the lips, tongue, or face; or hives); an irregular heartbeat or pulse; low blood pressure (dizziness, weakness); high blood pressure (severe headache, blurred vision); chills or fever are serious reasons to contact your doctor immediately, call the emergency and stop taking Sertraline.
- Headache; tremor, nervousness, or anxiety; nausea, diarrhea, dry mouth, or changes in appetite or weight; sleepiness or insomnia; decreased sex drive, impotence, or difficulty having an orgasm are not so serious side effects but if you face them, keep taking Sertraline and contact your doctor.
Side effects other than those listed here may also occur. Talk to your doctor about any side effect that seems unusual or that is especially bothersome.