Cephalexin is antibiotic of cephalosporin class. Their action and side effects are similar to that of penicillin. Cephalexin prevents Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, E. coli and several other bacteria from forming the cell wall, which protects bacteria from the external environment and allow to keep cell contents together. Cephalexin stops or slows the growth of bacterial cell, which is vital for bacteria.
Keftab is oral medicine usually taken every 6 or 12 hours, if no other directions are given by your doctor. You may take it with food. When taking antibiotics it is advisable to keep a constant level of medicine amount in body, so intervals between taking this drug must be evenly spaced. Medication must be taken as prescribed until its full amount is finished independently of symptoms. If treatment will be stopped too early, bacteria may continue to grow and infection will relapse. If there are no improvements or your condition worsens, have a talk with your doctor.
If you have missed a dose of drug, you must take it immediately. Try to return to your regular schedule by evenly spacing the rest doses, but never take 2 doses at once if you got no other directions from your doctor.
Medication should be stored at room temperature between 59-86 degrees F (15-30 degrees C) and be kept away from light, moisture, beyond the reach of children and pets.. Storage in the bathroom is unwanted.
Keftab Safety information
If you have allergy to Cephalexin, to penicillins or other cephalosporins, or any other allergies, have a talk with your doctor or pharmacist before taking medication. Tell them your medical history, especially about kidney and intestinal disease (colitis). If you are pregnant, take into account, that this medication should be used only when clearly needed, therefore you have to discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor. Consult your doctor if you are breast-feeding mother - Cephalexin passes into breast milk.
Inform your doctor or pharmacist about all prescription and non-prescription/herbal products you use, especially of: probenecid or live vaccines, before using Cephalexin. Cephalexin use may affect different health care issues. At first, this drug may decrease the birth control pills effectiveness of combination type and pregnancy may begin, so, while using this medication you may need an additional form of reliable birth control. Your doctor will tell you the details. Secondly, this medication may cause false positive results with certain diabetic urine testing products (cupric sulfate-type). Thirdly, results of some lab tests may be changed by it. Laboratory personnel and your doctors must be told, that you use Cephalexin. Do not start or stop any medicine without doctor or pharmacist advice.
Keftab Side effects
Side effects are stomach upset, headache, fatigue, dizziness, diarrhea. Call your doctor or pharmacist if any of these effects persist or worsen. Sometimes mental/mood changes occur. These side effects are unlikely but serious. Tell your doctor immediately if you have any of these highly unlikely but very serious side effects: stomach/abdominal pain, persistent nausea/vomiting, yellowing eyes or skin, dark urine, new signs of infection (e.g., persistent sore throat or fever), easy bruising/bleeding, urine amount change. Cephalexin may rarely cause a severe intestinal condition - pseudomembranous colitis - due to resistant bacteria. This may happen during the therapy or weeks after the end of treatment. If you have such symptoms, do not use anti-diarrhea products or narcotic pain medications. If you develop persistent diarrhea, abdominal or stomach pain/cramping, or blood/mucus in your stool, tell your doctor. Cephalexin prolonged or repeated use may result in oral thrush or a new vaginal yeast infection (oral or vaginal fungal infection). Contact your doctor if you have white patches in the mouth or a change in vaginal discharge. Serious allergy to this drug is unlike, but if it occurs, seek immediate medical help. Serious allergy symptoms are: rash, itching, swelling, severe dizziness, trouble breathing or some other. In any of this cases contact your doctor.
Contact your doctor immediately and stop taking Cephalexin, if you observe the following serious side effects:
- allergic reaction being difficult breathing, throat closing, lips, face or tongue swelling, hives, rash;
- severe nausea, diarrhea, vomiting;
- rash, itching or redness;
- mucous or blood in the stool;
- unusual bleeding or bruising.
Go on taking Cephalexin and talk to your doctor, if you have less serious side effects:
- mild nausea or diarrhea;
- mouth or vagina yeast infection;
- Inform your doctor about any unusual or bothersome side effect. Some other side effects may occur too.